denk.mal

Hannoverscher Bahnhof

Commemorative plaque at "denk.mal Hannoverscher Bahnhof"

At denk.mal Hannoverscher Bahnhof,

20 plaques commemorate the names of more than 8,000 Jews and Sinti who were deported from Hamburg between 1940 and 1945. The "Info Pavilion" with an exhibition is located at Lohseplatz. From 2026, a documentation centre developed by the Foundation of Hamburg Memorials and Learning Centres will embed the fate of the deportees within the wider history of National Socialist persecution.

 

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(Last) Signs of Life

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Events (in german)

  • Sunday, January 22, 2023 14:00–16:00

Info-Pavillon denk.mal Hannoverscher Bahnhof

„Keiner fragt, wohin“ – Die Deportation norddeutscher Jüdinnen und Juden nach Riga 1941

Der Rundgang erläutert die Deportation norddeutscher Jüdinnen und Juden nach Riga am 6. Dezember 1941. Wie verlief der Prozess der Ausgrenzung und Entrechtung vor der Deportation? Wie sah das oft nur kurze Leben der Verschleppten in Riga aus? Wer war an den Verbrechen beteiligt, wer profitierte davon? Die Teilnahme ist kostenfrei. Keine Anmeldung nötig. 

Blogbeitrag zur aktuellen Ausstellung 

  • Thursday, February 2, 2023 19:00–21:00

Rathaus Hamburg, Bürgersaal, Rathausmarkt 1, 20095 Hamburg

Deportationen im Stadtraum sichtbar machen

Die nationalsozialistischen Deportationen sind mit konkreten Orten im Hamburger Stadtraum verbunden. Einige dieser Orte sind heute mit Erinnerungszeichen markiert. Seit 2017 erinnert der Gedenkort „denk.mal Hannoverscher Bahnhof“ in der HafenCity an über 8.000 Menschen, die in Ghettos, Konzentrations- und Vernichtungslager verschleppt wurden. In unmittelbarer Nachbarschaft entsteht ein Dokumentationszentrum, das die historischen Zusammenhänge der Verbrechen an Jüdinnen und Juden, Sintizze und Sinti, Romnja und Roma aufzeigen soll. Wie lässt sich die Tatsache, dass die Deportationen „vor der eigenen Haustür“ begannen, nachhaltig im öffentlichen Bewusstsein verankern? Welche Ansätze und Vermittlungsformate braucht es für eine lebendige Erinnerung? Darüber diskutieren Yohana Hirschfeld (Graphic Novel-Autorin), Sandra Wachtel (SHGL), Dr. Oliver von Wrochem (SHGL) und Yeliz Yilmaz (TU Berlin). Moderation: Dr. Carmen Bisotti (IGdJ).

Anmeldung über den Veranstaltungskalender

 

Facade of the former "Hannoverscher Bahnhof"

During the Nazi era,

the Hannoverscher Bahnhof took on a whole new meaning. Between 1940 and 1945 more than 8,000 Jews, Sinti and Roma originally from Hamburg and northern Germany were deported from the city, in particular via the former Hannoverscher Bahnhof railway station. They were sent to ghettos and to concentration and extermination camps in German-occupied regions: Belzec, Litzmannstadt/Lodz, Minsk, Riga, Auschwitz and Theresienstadt. Only very few survived. Responsibility for these deportations fell to Hamburg’s local authorities and administrative bodies as well as to state organisations at Reich level. The vast majority of German society either looked idly on or actively supported these crimes.

The Hannoverscher Bahnhof was severely damaged during the Second World War and, after 1945, it was largely forgotten about. What parts of the building complex remained were razed to the ground in 1955 and 1981. As Hamburg’s HafenCity district began to emerge, the general public once again became aware of the site in the early 2000s. Associations of former victims of Nazi persecution in particular have campaigned actively to this day for a memorial that befits the memory of the victims.

Name boards at the "denk.mal Hannoverscher Bahnhof"

In 2017 the memorial site

designated as the ‘denk.mal Hannoverscher Bahnhof’ was officially inaugurated in the area where Platform 2 of the Hannoverscher Bahnhof had once stood. Here 20 plaques with the names of the deported commemorate the victims of Nazi crimes. The memorial ensemble is complemented by the Fuge, or ‘swathe’, as a striking design feature that cuts deep into landscape of the Park as a symbolic extension of the former railway tracks, and by the redesign of the Lohseplatz itself, which was once the forecourt of the railway station.

In 2026 a documentation centre in the immediate vicinity will embed the fate of the deported into the history of Nazi persecution. It will showcase not only the routes taken by the persecuted and the destinations of their deportations, but also the scope of action of the majority society and the deeds committed by those involved in the crimes. It will also show the fate of those 1,000 or so people persecuted mostly on political grounds who were forced into the Wehrmacht’s Bewährungsbataillon 999 [probation troop] and deployed into military service from the Hannoverscher Bahnhof. The history and post-history of the persecution will be correlated with current perspectives. Since November 2018 a six-member team headed up by Dr Oliver von Wrochem at the Neuengamme Concentration Camp Memorial has been busy working on the content for the permanent exhibition planned at the site.

Guided tour at "denk.mal Hannoverscher Bahnhof"

The memorial site is freely accessible to all visitors.

Information Pavilion opening hours:

April – October
Monday – Sunday, 12 noon – 6 pm
Address: Lohlseplatz, northern Lohsepark at HafenCity, 20457 Hamburg

Between November and March the Information Pavilion is accessible to visitors by prior arrangement. Simply email: amina.edzards@gedenkstaetten.hamburg.de (phone: 040-428 131 522).

Admission is free.

Between April and October public guided tours are held at 6 pm at the Memorial Site at Lohsepark on the last Wednesday of every month. Meeting point: denk.mal Hannoverscher Bahnhof Information Pavilion, Lohseplatz, HafenCity, 20457 Hamburg.

School classes and other groups can book a tour at any time, subject to a fee. Museumsdienst Hamburg, phone: 040 428 131 0. The guided tour is available in English, in German and in Sign Language.

Barrier-free access:

The Memorial Site and the Information Pavilion offer barrier-free access for wheelchair users.

Contact for more detailed questions about the Memorial Site and the planned documentation centre: Dr Oliver von Wrochem, Foundation of Hamburg Memorials and Learning Centres,.

(Last) Signs of Life

At some destinations of deportations, those who were persecuted were allowed to send and receive postcards. Despite strict conditions and censorship, these postcards give us an insight into the emotions and feelings of those who were deported from Hamburg: their hopes, fears, worries, homesickness, and longing for friends and relatives.

The Hamburg State Archive holds over 350 postcards that reached Hamburg from different ghettos and concentration camps. A few of them were unable to be delivered, often due to the fact that the intended recipients had already been themselves deported. A few postcards were never sent from the ghettos or concentration camps and stayed in the post offices. Amongst them were 200 cards addressed to Hamburg from the Litzmannstadt ghetto. They can be found today in the Archive in Łódź, Poland.